Executions for drugs offences in Iran (AI report)
Amnistía Internacional (AI) publicou estes días un informe sobre a pena de morte en Irán, centrado nas condenas relacionadas co tráfico de drogas. O informe, dunhas sesenta páxinas, leva por título “Addicted to death: Executions for drugs offences in Iran”. Copio un extracto da súa introdución:
[...] Executions of alleged drugs offenders have rocketed in Iran since mid-2010. They have continued at a high rate, with the Judiciary announcing a crackdown on drug trafficking in
October 2010 and following amendments to the Anti-Narcotics Law that came into force in January 2011. Many of those convicted have been killed in secret mass executions inside prisons, sometimes with their family and lawyer having little or no warning.
Most, if not all, were condemned to death after grossly unfair trials, including being denied access to a lawyer and having no right to appeal. Among them were three women – all mothers solely responsible for dependent children – arrested in January 2009 on suspicion of drug trafficking, interrogated without a lawyer, tried before a Revolutionary Court in Hamedan, and sentenced to death without a right of appeal. [...]
The Iranian authorities routinely violate a wide range of international standards relating to the use of the death penalty, including that this ultimate punishment may only be imposed for the most serious of crimes after fair trials, and must not be a mandatory penalty. Many of those arrested for alleged drugs offences are tortured or otherwise ill-treated to make them “confess”.
The serious flaws in the justice system in Iran are compounded by discriminatory practices against Afghan nationals, up to 4,000 of whom are on death row in Iran for drug smuggling, and other foreign nationals. It appears that some foreign nationals sentenced to death for drugs offences are never even brought to trial, and most are denied any kind of legal or consular assistance. Some only find out that they have been sentenced to death when prison authorities tell them.
Particularly disturbing are the executions of juvenile offenders (people aged under 18 at the time of the alleged crime). [...]
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