AI report on China: more steps back than forward
Amnistía Internacional publicou onte un breve informe sobre as violacións dos Direitos Humanos en China, cando quedan poucos días para que comecen os “xogos olímpicos”. Constátase nel que houbo algún avance, por exemplo hai máis garantías nos procesos onde se aplica a pena de morte. Pero o panorama xeral está cheo de graves retrocesos, destacando os ataques contra a liberdade de expresión e a liberdade de prensa, a censura de internet e as detencións “administrativas”, sen cargos, xuízo nin acceso a un tribunal. O exemplo máis grave destas detencións “administrativas” é posiblemente o castigo coñecido como “reeducación a través do traballo”.
O informe leva por título “People’s Republic of China: The Olympics countdown – broken promises” (tamén hai versións en español e ruso). Copio un extracto da súa introducción:
With the Olympics less than two weeks away, it is time to assess progress made by the Chinese authorities to improve human rights in line with their own commitments made in 2001 when the International Olympic Committee (IOC) chose Beijing to host the Games. Regrettably, since the publication of Amnesty International’s last Olympics Countdown report on 1 April 2008, there has been no progress towards fulfilling these promises, only continued deterioration. Unless the authorities make a swift change of direction, the legacy of the Beijing Olympics will not be positive for human rights in China.
In March 2004, the Chinese authorities amended the Constitution to include the clause: “the State respects and protects human rights”. While human rights encompass a broad range of issues, Amnesty International has been monitoring the Chinese government’s performance particularly closely in four areas with a direct link to preparations for the Olympics and in line with the core principles of the Olympic Charter. This report provides a final summary and updates developments in these four key areas which are: the continuing use of the death penalty; abusive forms of administrative detention; the arbitrary detention, imprisonment, ill-treatment and harassment of human rights defenders, including journalists and lawyers; and the censorship of the internet. For further details, readers should refer to previous Olympics Countdown reports published by Amnesty International [see below].
In fact, the crackdown on human rights defenders, journalists and lawyers has intensified because Beijing is hosting the Olympics. The authorities have stepped up repression of dissident voices in their efforts to present an image of “stability” and “harmony” to the outside world. This has resulted in the detention and imprisonment of those who wish to draw attention to the other side of the picture, which includes human rights violations perpetrated in preparation for the Games. […]
Informes de Amnistía Internacional relacionados:
- “China: The Olympic countdown – three years of human rights reform?” (5 – VIII – 2005)
- “China: The Olympics Countdown – Failing to keep human rights promises” (21 – IX – 2006)
- “China: The Olympics countdown: Repression of activists overshadows death penalty and media reforms” (30 – IV – 2007)
- “People’s Republic of China: The Olympics countdown: One year left to fulfil human rights promises” (7 – VIII – 2007)
- “People’s Republic of China: The Olympics countdown – crackdown on activists threatens Olympics legacy” (1 – IV – 2008)
- “People’s Republic of China: The Olympics countdown – crackdown on Tibetan protesters” (1 – IV – 2008)
- “People’s Republic of China: Tibet Autonomous Region: Access Denied” (18 – VI – 2008)
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