Iran: sixth juvenile offender executed this year
Human Rights Watch (HRW) e Amnistía Internacional (AI) publicaron antonte notas de prensa condenando a execución en Irán de Behnam Zare, quen era menor de idade cando se cometeu o delicto polo que foi sentenciado á pena de morte.
A nota de prensa de HRW leva por título “Iran: Executions of Juvenile Offenders Rising. Iran Executes Sixth Juvenile Offender This Year, 26th Since 2005”. Copio un extracto do seu contido:
Clarification: According to his lawyer, Behnam Zare was born on May 24, 1989. This would make him 15 years old at the time of the offense using the international (Gregorian) calendar (he would be 16 years old at the time of the offense under the calendars commonly used in Iran). International law strictly prohibits executions of persons who were under 18 years old at the time of the offense.
Calling Iran’s execution on August 26, 2008 of juvenile offender Behnam Zare abhorrent, HRW urged the Iranian judiciary to immediately commute the sentences of more than 130 other prisoners facing death for crimes committed while children.
Zare is the sixth juvenile offender Iran has executed this year. No other country is known to have executed a juvenile offender in 2008. Since January 2005, Iran has executed at least 26 juvenile offenders. During the same period, only four other countries – Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Yemen, and Pakistan – are known to have executed any juvenile offenders, with a combined total of six such executions in the four countries.
“Iran leads the world in executing juvenile offenders” said Clarisa Bencomo, researcher on children’s rights in the Middle East at HRW. “Everywhere else, countries are moving to end this abhorrent practice, but in Iran the numbers of death sentences seem to be increasing.”
As a party to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and the Convention on the Rights of the Child, Iran is obligated to prohibit executions of persons under 18 at the time of the crime. […]
Copio tamén un extracto da nota de prensa de AI:
On 26 August, Behnam Zare` was hanged in Adelabad prison, in the south-western city of Shiraz. Neither his parents nor his lawyer were notified prior to his execution being implemented, as required under Iranian law.
Behnam Zare’ was convicted of a murder that took place on 21 April 2005. During an argument with a man named Mehrdad he swung a knife, wounding Mehrdad in the neck. Mehrdad later died in hospital. At the time of the murder Behnam Zare` was 15 years old.
Behnam Zare` was detained on 13 November 2005; Branch 5 of Fars Criminal Court sentenced him to qesas (retribution) for premeditated murder. The case went to appeal before the Supreme Court where the sentence was upheld. The verdict was then passed to the Office for Implementation of Sentences.
On 5 February 2008, the order for the implementation of his sentence was approved by Ayatollah Shahroudi, the Head of the Judiciary. On or around 11 February 2008, the Head of the Judiciary ordered a second attempt to negotiate payment of diyeh (“blood money”) with the family of Mehrdad.
This year, according to information available to AI, Iran has executed at least 227 people, including six juvenile offenders. Since 1990 Iran has executed at least 37 juvenile offenders, eight of them in 2007. No other country is known to have executed a juvenile offender in 2008.
The situation of juvenile offenders facing execution in Iran has reached a crisis level, with at least 132 juvenile offenders known to be on death row, although the true number could be much higher. […]