AI report: Death penalty in Saudi Arabia
Amnistía Internacional publicou hoxe un informe de 54 páxinas sobre a aplicación da pena de morte en Arabia Saudí. O informe leva por título “Affront to Justice: Death Penalty in Saudi Arabia”. Copio un extracto da súa introducción:
[…] In defiance of a growing international trend towards abolition of the death penalty, and despite Saudi Arabia’s membership of the UN Human Rights Council, the country’s authorities continue to apply the death penalty frequently and execute, on average, at least two prisoners each week. The sentences follow a harsh, largely secretive and grossly unfair process that imposes excessive suffering on the condemned and their families. It is a shocking reality. Every year scores of people are executed, often following a conviction for non-violent or vaguely worded offences in summary trials in which they have little or no opportunity to defend themselves and almost no protection against miscarriage of justice. Under Saudi Arabian law and judicial practices, judges have great discretionary power and can impose a death sentence even on children, for a wide range of offences, including acts that are not considered serious crimes in most other countries. Poor foreign migrant workers […] comprise a large proportion of those executed. All too often, they receive no legal defence, are unable to follow court proceedings, which are conducted in Arabic, and face insuperable difficulties in mounting legal appeals. Those who are executed are usually beheaded, often in public. Married people, who are convicted of adultery, may be executed by stoning. The dead body is in some cases crucified.
The rate of executions in Saudi Arabia has risen sharply in the last two years. In 2000, Amnesty International recorded 123 executions in Saudi Arabia. The annual total then fell under 100 until the end of 2006, which saw around 39 executions. In 2007 a new surge took the total number of executions to at least 158, a fourfold increase from the previous year, and at least 62 others were executed in the first five months of 2008 alone. […]
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