Blog de César Salgado

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AI report: “Civilians in the line of fire: The Georgia-Russia conflict”

Amnistía Internacional publicou estes días un informe de 76 páxinas sobre as violacións dos Direitos Humanos cometidas contra os civís no conflicto do pasado verán en Osetia do Sur. Tódalas partes belixerantes cometeron estes abusos, tanto os exércitos regulares de Xeorxia e Rusia, como as milicias locais.

O informe leva por título “Civilians in the line of fire: The Georgia-Russia conflict”. Copio un extracto da súa introducción:

From the onset of the five-day war between Georgia and Russia in the self-proclaimed
republic of South Ossetia in August 2008 the conflicting parties failed to take necessary measures to protect civilians from the hostilities. Villages and residential areas in towns were bombed and shelled, and some civilians reported being bombed while fleeing their villages. The overall number of civilian deaths outnumbered that of combatants, and in communities across the conflict divide homes, hospitals, schools and other mainstays of civilian life were damaged or destroyed. Extensive pillaging and arson by militia groups loyal to South Ossetia wrought large-scale destruction to several Georgian-majority settlements on territory controlled by Russian armed forces at the time. The conflict displaced nearly 200,000 people at its peak, and leaves a legacy of long-term displacement for tens of thousands unable to return to home in the foreseeable future.

Information collected by Amnesty International in visits to the region in August 2008, together with that from other sources, raises concerns that serious violations of both international human rights law and international humanitarian law were committed by all parties, both during the course of the conflict and in its aftermath. This report highlights these concerns.

International humanitarian law comprises legal obligations binding upon all parties to an armed conflict, be they states or armed groups. These obligations, which apply only in situations of armed conflict, serve to protect primarily those who are not participating in hostilities, especially civilians, but also combatants, including those who are wounded or captured. International human rights law applies both in armed conflict and peace time. This report presents the findings of Amnesty International’s enquiries into alleged violations of international humanitarian law and human rights abuses by Georgian, Russian and South Ossetian armed forces. […]

Ademais do informe, pode verse un vídeo relacionado no canal en YouTube de Amnesty International:

20 Novembro 2008 - Posted by | Amnesty International, Georgia, Human Rights, Politics, Russia

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