Syria: Basel Ghalyoun, in incommunicado detention
Amnistía Internacional (AI) publicou antonte unha “acción urxente” sobre a situación de Basel Ghalyoun, quen fora expulsado de España pouco despois de ser absolto en apelación na causa polos atentados do 11-M. Chegou nun avión a Siria e detivérono cando baixaba del. Desde entón sofre arresto en réxime de incomunicación.
O documento de AI leva por título Syria: Incommunicado detention / Torture: Basel Ghalyoun (m). Copio un extracto do seu contido:
Basel Ghalyoun has been held in incommunicado detention by the State Security Branch in the capital Damascus since 22 July 2008. Amnesty International is concerned that he is at risk of torture or other ill-treatment.
He was forcibly returned to Syria from Spain on 22 July and arrested immediately upon arrival at Damascus International Airport. According to his lawyer, since his arrest he has been allowed only one phone call to his family, who had been waiting for him at the airport.
In October 2007, Basel Ghalyoun was convicted by Spain’s National Criminal Court of involvement in the 11 March 2004 bomb attack on commuter trains in Madrid that killed 191 people. However, on 17 July 2008, the Supreme Court acquitted him of all charges on appeal. The Court ruled that he had Islamist views and had been in contact with some of the people responsible for the terrorist attack, but found no evidence indicating that he was personally involved in the actual attack.
Basel Ghalyoun left prison on the day of his acquittal, but was immediately told that he was under an expulsion order, and was taken into police custody to await expulsion to Syria. Neither Basel Ghalyoun nor his lawyer knew of the expulsion order until Basel Ghalyoun was taken into custody. His lawyer was not given the documentation which would have enabled him to appeal against the order until it was already too late to do so.
Basel Ghalyoun had lived in Spain since 2001, when he arrived on a student visa. He later obtained a residency and work permit and was present legally in the country when he was arrested.
Torture and other ill-treatment are widespread in Syria’s detention and interrogation centres. People suspected of affiliation to unauthorized Islamist groups or of possessing information about terrorism are at particular risk of arbitrary arrest and imprisonment in Syria. In 2007, more than 170 people were sentenced after grossly unfair trials before the Supreme State Security Court (SSSC), criminal courts and military courts; most were alleged to be members of unauthorized Islamist groups. In March 2007 the SSSC convicted 24 men from the Qatana area, near Damascus, of “forming an organization formed with the aim of changing the economic or social status of the state” and “weakening nationalist sentiment”, apparently solely on the basis of “confessions” which the men said had been extracted from them under torture. The SSSC sentenced them to between four and 12 years in prison, but failed to investigate the men’s torture allegations.
RECOMMENDED ACTION: Please send appeals to arrive as quickly as possible, in English, Arabic, French or your own language:
– urging the authorities to release Basel Ghalyoun immediately unless he is to be charged with a recognizably criminal offence;
– calling on the authorities to guarantee that he will not be tortured or otherwise ill-treated, and reminding them that Syria is a state party to the UN Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment;
– urging the authorities to immediately allow him visits from his family, a lawyer of his choosing and any medical treatment he may require. […]
- Spain: Fear of forcible return/Fear of torture or other ill-treatment: Basel Ghalyoun (m) (AI, 18 – VII – 2008)
- Spain: Further Information on Fear of forcible return/Fear of torture or other ill-treatment: Basel Ghalyoun (m) (AI, 24 – VII – 2008)
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