Refugees and displaced in Chad, Tanzania and Uganda
Human Rights Watch (HRW) publicou antonte un informe sobre os campos de “desprazados internos” no Chad. O informe leva por título “The Risk of Return: Repatriating the Displaced in the Context of Conflict in Eastern Chad”. Copio un extracto da súa introducción:
[…] Fighting between Chadian rebels and government forces in eastern Chad in early May 2009 underlines how the intertwined wars in Chad and Sudan are creating conditions in which farmers and nomads alike continue to be at risk of displacement. The vast majority of the 167,000 internally displaced persons (IDPs) already in camps in eastern Chad are unable to return home in safety and dignity. A cocktail of armed groups —Chadian and Sudanese rebel factions, community-based militias, and loosely organized criminal gangs— represent an ongoing risk to IDPs who venture back to their areas of origin, especially in the southeastern area of Dar Sila. Meanwhile, disputes over land access and tenure remain a combustible factor underlying much of the violence, both currently and in the past.
Fighting between government and rebel forces erupted again near Koukou-Angarana in early May 2009, forcing the evacuation of aid agency personnel. Koukou-Angarana hosts approximately 40,000 IDPs and 20,000 Sudanese refugees, yet is an area in which the United Nations Mission in the Central African Republic and Chad (MINURCAT), dispatched to eastern Chad by the Security Council in 2007 to protect civilians and facilitate the delivery of humanitarian aid, had no permanent presence until shortly after the fighting between government forces and rebel troops in the area had subsided. […]
Tamén antonte, unha nota de prensa de HRW (“Tanzania/Uganda: Prevent Forced Return of Refugees. Governments and UN Refugee Agency Should Urgently Clarify Refugees’ Options Before Camps Close”) informaba do posible retorno forzado de miles de persoas actualmente refuxiadas en campos de Tanzania e Uganda:
The Tanzanian and Ugandan governments should ensure that refugees living in camps due to close on June 30 and July 31, 2009 are not forcibly returned to their home countries and are immediately given full information about their options, Human Rights Watch said today. Human Rights Watch also urged both governments to avoid repeating Rwanda’s unlawful forced return of up to 504 refugees to Burundi at gunpoint on June 2, after it closed its last refugee camp for Burundians.
Tanzania, with 36,000 Burundian refugees, and Uganda, with 17,000 Rwandan refugees, have signed agreements with the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) to facilitate the safe return of refugees who wish to go home, and to find alternatives for those who do not. However, despite the looming camp closing deadlines of June 30 for Tanzania and July 31 for Uganda, neither government has publicly explained the alternatives. Instead, both have threatened the refugees with forced return, saying that after the closures the remaining refugees will be “stripped” of their refugee status and treated as “illegal immigrants.” Both positions would be unlawful under international refugee law. […]
Refuxiados e desprazados suman millóns de persoas que o perderon todo fuxindo de guerras que descoñecemos. O telexornal preocúpase máis (e entre todos pagamos máis) por unha actriz mediocre ou por un futbolista que pola nosa responsabilidade colectiva neste estado de cousas…
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