AI report: Human Rights violations in the North Caucasus (Russian Federation)
Amnistía Internacional (AI) publicou esta semana un informe sobre as violacións dos Direitos Humanos na parte do Cáucaso controlada por Rusia, centrándose principalmente nas repúblicas de Chechenia, Ingushetia, Daguestán e Cabardino-Balcaria.
Os abusos máis graves e repetidos son as detencións arbitrarias, as torturas, as “desaparicións forzadas” e as “execucións extraxudiciais”. O informe leva por título “Russian Federation: Rule without law. Human rights violations in the North Caucasus”. Copio un extracto da súa introducción:
On 16 April 2009 the Russian authorities declared an end to the counter-terrorism operation in Chechnya. Yet serious human rights violations continue to be committed in a climate of impunity in Chechnya and other parts of the North Caucasus, in particular in Ingushetia, Dagestan and Kabardino-Balkaria. The civilian population continues to live in an atmosphere of lawlessness that engenders fear and insecurity. Armed opposition groups in the region continue to mount attacks. Law enforcement officials conduct counter-terrorism measures which, in many instances, entail serious human rights violations. A legitimate aim – that of tackling violence by armed groups and bringing stability to the North Caucasus – is still being pursued by means which violate international human rights law.
Normalization in Chechnya, as in the North Caucasus as a whole, is not possible without a complete end to human rights violations and full accountability for the grievous human rights violations that have taken place. Without true respect for the rule of law from all sides, and a genuine commitment to address the festering legacy of past abuses, without the political will at all levels of government to prevent and punish a catalogue of serious abuses, there can be no stability and security for the North Caucasus. There has been an almost total failure of political will to uphold the rule of law and address impunity for present and past abuses of human rights in the region. Those responsible for abuses walk free while victims and their families have no redress through the Russian judicial system.
For over a decade the victims of human rights violations in the North Caucasus and their families have been waiting for truth and justice. They want justice for themselves and their loved ones, to know the fate and whereabouts of relatives and friends who are among those subjected to enforced disappearance, and they want those responsible brought to account. But those who seek redress from the authorities are at risk of reprisals. Despairing of obtaining justice from the Russian authorities, some people have turned to the European Court of Human Rights, and in doing so some have suffered reprisals, ranging from harassment and threats to, in some cases, death or enforced disappearance. The number of cases in which the European Court of Human Rights has found Russia responsible for human rights violations in Chechnya alone exceeds 100 as of May 2009. However, these judgments have not been fully implemented to ensure justice for the applicants, and non-repetition of the violations in the future. The Russian Federation should fully implement all judgments of the European Court on Human Rights as a matter of course.
Stretching back over 15 years Amnesty International has documented a range of grievous human rights violations carried out in the context of the conflicts. People have become victims of such human rights violations in the region as enforced disappearance, arbitrary detention, torture or other ill-treatment, or even killed while in detention. Moreover, there has been a continuing failure by the Russian authorities to implement effective and adequate measures to investigate these abuses. Investigations by the Russian authorities into alleged serious human rights violations by law enforcement and security officers have been far from prompt, independent and effective. […] The failure to investigate allegations of human rights violations in accordance with such standards is itself a human rights violation. […]
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