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Informe de HRW sobre Guinea Ecuatorial

Human Rights Watch (HRW) publicou a semana pasada un informe dunhas cen páxinas sobre Guinea Ecuatorial. Nesta ex-colonia española, onde viven aproximadamente un millón de habitantes, o máis destacable é a inxustiza social. Unha elite dictatorial e nepotista dilapida os millóns procedentes do petróleo mentras a mortalidade infantil é das máis altas do mundo: 205 de cada mil nenos morren antes de cumpriren cinco anos.

O informe de HRW leva por título “Well Oiled: Oil and Human Rights in Equatorial Guinea”. Copio un extracto da súa introducción:

Since 1968, the year Equatorial Guinea gained independence from Spanish colonial rule, the country has been run by a succession of repressive dictatorships. Until the mid-1990s it was one of the more closed countries in the world; generally what little international comment it attracted was for its dismal human rights record. But that all changed when significant oil reserves were discovered off the country’s coast in 1995. As one of the world’s newest oil hotspots, Equatorial Guinea garners global attention as a valuable source of natural resources. Its government, however, is setting new low standards of political and economic malfeasance: billions of dollars in oil revenue have not translated into widespread economic benefits for the population or dramatic improvements in human rights, making Equatorial Guinea a classic example of an autocratic and opaque oil-rich state.

After a bloody coup on August 3, 1979, Equatorial Guinea has been for some 30 years under the control of President Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo, who, together with his family and close associates, maintains almost absolute control over the country’s economic and political life. The country has become the fourth-largest oil producer in sub-Saharan Africa (behind only Angola, Nigeria, and Sudan) and a magnet for foreign investment in the hydrocarbons sector. Gross domestic product (GDP) per capita is on a par with Italy and Spain. But the broader population —just above half a million people— enjoys little of the benefit and has not been lifted from poverty, while the elite directs the country’s newfound wealth into its own pockets: the president’s son spent more than US$42 million between 2004 and 2006 on luxury houses and cars in South Africa and California, nearly a third of the total amount the government spent on social programs —including health, education, and housing— in 2005. […]

In May 2008 Obiang and his allies won 99 of 100 seats in parliament in legislative elections that are known to have had serious flaws. […]

Arbitrary arrest and detention is common, the regular reports of coup attempts often providing the pretext. Detention is frequently accompanied by torture and ill-treatment. On June 5, 2008, his 66th birthday, President Obiang pardoned 37 people (25 of them prisoners of conscience) but many others remain in detention. […]

The Bush administration largely failed to hold the government of Equatorial Guinea accountable. Despite a damning investigation by Senate staff and the imposition of some of the largest fines in history against a US bank because of its business with Equatoguinean government officials, the administration welcomed President Obiang to Washington. […]

Pois hai uns días o Goberno dictatorial desta ex-colonia española recibiu unha visita encabezada polo ministro de Asuntos Exteriores Miguel Ángel Moratinos Cuyaubé e polo ex-ministro da dictadura franquista Manuel Fraga Iribarne. Hanse queixar logo de que os cidadáns desconfiemos dos políticos… Reproduzo como exemplo unha opinión de F. L. Puñal publicada por El País:

“Un viaje esperpéntico”

¿A qué fue Moratinos con Manuel Fraga a Guinea Ecuatorial? ¿Qué argumentos se pueden esgrimir para este “homenaje” al ex ministro franquista? ¿De verdad se “festejaba” la fecha de la “seudoliberación” de Guinea Ecuatorial? ¿Qué “independencia” firmó Fraga, nada menos que el 12 de octubre de 1968, cuando asumió el mando en Guinea Ecuatorial el “presidente vitalicio” Francisco Macías?

Todos sabemos que Guinea Ecuatorial vive actualmente bajo un régimen antidemocrático, sumido en la total corrupción, y cuyo pueblo carece de los más elementales derechos.

Entonces, ¿no resultan patéticas las palabras de Moratinos? Dice el titular de Exteriores sobre el que fue ministro de Información con Franco: “Fraga regresa con el sentimiento de que Guinea es un país diferente, independiente, soberano, moderno y próspero…”.

Pero, ¿de qué país nos habla? ¿Del régimen de Teodoro Obiang?

Es evidente esta contradicción del Gobierno de Zapatero de, por un lado rendir “homenaje” en un acto patético a un ex ministro franquista y a un régimen antidemocrático, y por otro lado pedir la reposición del presidente hondureño Manuel Zelaya, destituido por unos militares golpistas. La historia pondrá a cada uno en su sitio.

15 Xullo 2009 - Posted by | Equatorial Guinea, Human Rights, Human Rights Watch, Politics, Spain

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