Blog de César Salgado

Os papeis terman do que lles poñen, e internet nin che conto…

Rusia: Natalia Estemirova asasinada

Onte secuestraron e mataron a Natalia Estemirova. Xa é longa a lista de asasinados por denunciar violacións dos Direitos Humanos en Rusia. Escollen e matan a algúns para facer calar ó resto. Hoxe dicía na radio un representante de Reporters sans Frontières que os xornalistas, nalgunhas zonas de guerra, quitan a palabra “press” dos chalecos, pensada para darlles protección, porque fai o efecto contrario: para os criminais de guerra esa marca sinala un inimigo, un branco sobre o cal disparar…

Esta é a nota de prensa publicada por Human Rights Watch: “Russia: Leading Chechnya Rights Activist Murdered. Authorities Should Ensure Justice for Killing of Natalia Estemirova”

July 15, 2009

Natalia Estemirova, a leading human rights defender in Chechnya, was found shot dead in Ingushetia on July 15, 2009, Human Rights Watch said today. She is the second human rights activist murdered in Russia in 2009 for trying to publicize grave and continuing human rights abuses in Chechnya. Human Rights Watch urged the Russian government to launch a full, independent, and transparent investigation into Estemirova’s murder.Estemirova, a researcher on the human rights situation in Chechnya for the Memorial Human Rights Center, a leading Russian nongovernmental organization, left her home at approximately 8:30 a.m. on July 15 and was abducted by unidentified perpetrators. Memorial told Human Rights Watch that two witnesses on the balcony of a nearby building saw Estemirova forced into a white car and heard her cry out that she was being kidnapped before she was driven away.

“The Russian authorities should take every possible step to bring Natalia Estemirova’s killers to justice,” said Kenneth Roth, director of Human Rights Watch. “It seems to be open season on anyone trying to highlight the appalling human rights abuses in Chechnya. It’s high time the Russian government acted to stop these killings and prosecute those responsible.”

Estemirova has been at the forefront of efforts to investigate human rights violations and work for accountability in Chechnya for more than 10 years. Her efforts brought criticism from the Chechen authorities, including the republic’s president Ramzan Kadyrov. Forces under his command have been accused of multiple and repeated human rights abuses, including killings, torture, and disappearances, yet few perpetrators have been held to account in Russia. In more than 100 judgments to date, the European Court of Human Rights has found Russia responsible for grave human rights violations in Chechnya, highlighting the lack of accountability for such crimes.

Human Rights Watch called on President Dimitri Medvedev of Russia to ensure that there is a comprehensive, independent, and transparent investigation into the Estemirova case, saying that impunity for such crimes is so rampant in Chechnya that there is no possibility of an effective investigation by local authorities. In order to maintain any credibility, it is essential from the outset that initial investigation steps are conducted by federal investigators from the highest authority and not by local law enforcement, Human Rights Watch said.

Medvedev’s spokesman described the Russian president as “outraged” by the killing, and said he had ordered a full investigation.

Human Rights Watch also called on Russia’s international partners to urge Moscow to ensure justice for Estemirova and the other victims in Chechnya. Angela Merkel, the German Chancellor, is slated to meet Medvedev on July 16, and US President Barack Obama met with Medvedev and Prime Minister Vladimir Putin in Moscow on July 6 and 7. Human Rights Watch urged Russia to keep its international partners fully informed about the progress of the investigation.

“Estemirova fought for justice all her life and the best way to honor her would be to find her killers and put them on trial,” Roth said. “Ensuring her murder does not go unpunished would help to break the vicious cycle of abuse and impunity in Chechnya.”

Chechnya has experienced an upsurge in violence in recent weeks, with several cases of human rights abuses, including extrajudicial executions, punitive house burnings, abductions and arbitrary detentions. Estemirova was investigating several of these cases jointly with Human Rights Watch.

Abductions remain a common practice in Chechnya. Although the rate of abductions and enforced disappearances has declined significantly in the past several years, they are still used against those seen as critics of the authorities and against relatives of suspected insurgents.

Estemirova’s death is the latest in a series of attacks and murders of lawyers seeking justice and accountability for human rights violations, particularly in Chechnya. In January, Umar Israilov, a Chechen who alleged he had been tortured by Kadyrov, was shot and killed in broad daylight in Vienna, where he was living in exile. Less than a week later, Stanislav Markelov, a prominent human rights lawyer who represented numerous victims of human rights abuses in Chechnya, was shot dead on the street after leaving a Moscow news conference. Anastasiya Baburova, a journalist who was with him, was also killed. No arrests have been made in either case.

Most famously, investigative reporter Anna Politkovskaya was shot dead outside her Moscow apartment in October 2006, after writing numerous articles critical of the human rights situation in Chechnya. On June 25, an appeals court overturned the acquittals of four men accused of her killing and ordered a new trial.

Estemirova has received many international prizes recognizing her work in the field of human rights, including the Human Rights Watch Defender Award (2007), the Anna Politkovskaya prize (2007), The Robert Schuman Medal of the European Parliament (2005), and the Swedish Parliament prize for “Right to Survival” (2004). She was also a key resource for foreign journalists, human rights groups, and others interested in human rights developments in Chechnya.

Human Rights Watch expressed its deepest sympathies with Estemirova’s family and colleagues and its profound sorrow at Estemirova’s death.

“Natalia was a close friend of Human Rights Watch, whose work was an inspiration for all of us,” said Roth. “Her death is a terrible loss.”

A noticia na páxina de Amnistía Internacional: “Human rights activist Natalia Estemirova murdered in Russia”

16 July 2009

Amnesty International has strongly condemned Wednesday’s murder of Natalia Estemirova, a leading human rights activist working in the North Caucasus region and a long-standing friend of the organization.

“Natalia Estemirova’s murder is a consequence of the impunity that has been allowed to persist by the Russian and Chechen authorities,” said Irene Khan, Secretary General of Amnesty International.

Natalia Estemirova, one of the leading members of the Russian human rights NGO Memorial in Grozny, Chechnya, was abducted on Wednesday at around 8:30am local time. She was dragged into a white car (VAZ-2107) and driven off in an unknown direction. According to witnesses, Natalia Estemirova managed to shout out that she was being abducted.

Later on Wednesday, the Russian news agency Itar-TASS reported that her body had been found in the neighbouring republic of Ingushetia with gunshot wounds.

“Human rights violations in Russia, and especially in the North Caucasus, can no longer be ignored. And those who stand up for human rights need protection,” said Irene Khan.

“The terrible tragedy of the killing of Natalia Estemirova is a crime that should be denounced by the authorities and every effort must be made to bring those responsible to justice. It is yet another attempt to try to gag civil society in Russia and highlights the instability in the region.”

“Natalia Estemirova was a most courageous and inspiring woman who never tired of defending the human rights of others. She was a truly exceptional person and a friend to many of us.”

“We are shocked and saddened by the news of her death and wish to express our deepest sympathy for the family of Natalia Estemirova, for her friends and for her colleagues.”

Natalia Estemirova’s work was crucial in documenting human rights violations in the region, such as torture and other ill-treatment, unlawful killings and enforced disappearances, since the start of the second Chechnya war in 2000. She also devoted herself to providing assistance to displaced people and other socially disadvantaged groups. No one has claimed responsibility, but colleagues believe she was killed for her human rights activities.

Her work has been recognized both at home and internationally by numerous awards, including the Robert Schuman medal of the European Parliament (2005), the Right Livelihood Award of the Swedish Parliament (2004 – the so-called Alternative Nobel Peace Prize), and she was the first recipient of the Anna Politkovskaya Award (2007).

The murder of Natalia Estemirova sheds further light on the precarious circumstances in which human rights defenders work in the Russian Federation. It follows the killings earlier this year of human rights lawyer Stanislav Markelov and journalist Anastasia Baburova, both close friends and colleagues of journalist Anna Politkovskaya, who herself was murdered in 2006.

Amnesty International has called for an end to impunity for the murder of human rights defenders, journalists and lawyers in Russia.

Read more:
Russian Federation: Rule without law: Human rights violations in the North Caucasus (AI report, 30 – VI – 2009)
Accused in Politkovskaya murder case face retrial (AI news, 25 – VI – 2009)
Anna Politkovskaya murder – accused acquitted, investigation must continue (AI news, 20 – II – 2009)

A noticia no diario madrileño El País: “Asesinada una activista que investigaba abusos en Chechenia”

La rusa Natalia Estemirova colaboraba con la ONG Memorial e investigaba los secuestros de la guerra chechena.

PILAR BONET. Moscú. 15 – VII – 2009.

Natalia Estemírova, jefa de la filial de la organización Memorial de Chechenia, fue brutalmente asesinada este martes tras haber sido secuestrada por la mañana al salir de su casa de Grozni. Con su muerte desaparece de Chechenia la más importante fuente de información independiente sobre los abusos, tropelías y crímenes que comete con total impunidad el el régimen de Ramzán Kadírov en aquella república caucásica.

“Los únicos que tenían interés en matarla son Kadírov y los bandidos que lo rodean”, dijo Svetlana Gánnushkina, miembro de Memorial y presidenta de la organización Ayuda Cívica, que la víspera estuvo trabajando junto con Estemírova en Grozni. “Estamos ante un régimen de delincuentes que son encubiertos por Moscú. Debemos proteger a nuestra gente”, manifestó Gánnushkina. “Natalia tenía miedo, pero se arriesgaba y estaba investigando secuestros, incendios punitivos provocados y ejecuciones sin juicio”, señaló.

Últimas denuncias

Este mes, Estemírova había acusado a las fuerzas de seguridad de Chechenia de varios asesinatos. En un caso, los agentes irrumpieron de madrugada en el domicilio de Madina Iunúsova, una joven de 20 años casada con un checheno “exterminado” en una operación policial, y encerraron a sus padres y sus dos hermanas pequeñas en el cuarto de calderas, tras lo cual rociaron con gasolina la casa y le prendieron fuego. Unos vecinos salvaron a las víctimas de las llamas. Al día siguiente, los uniformados entregaron el cadáver de Madina a sus parientes y ordenaron enterrarlo discretamente. Antes, Iunúsova fue descubierta herida de gravedad y aislada por agentes policiales- en una clínica de Grozni.

En el otro caso, ocurrido el 7 de julio, el checheno Rizván Albékov y su hijo Aziz fueron secuestrados por la policía y unas horas después Rizván fue conducido al pueblo de Aujkinchu-Borzoi y ametrallado en un “castigo ejemplar”. Frente a un grupo de jóvenes, los secuestradores hicieron salir del coche a Rizván y le preguntaron si había ayudado a los guerrilleros y cuando el hombre contestó negativamente, lo ametrallaron. Después, amenazaron con hacer lo mismo con todos los que ayudaran a los guerrilleros.

El cadáver de Estemírova fue encontrado el martes por la tarde cerca del pueblo de Gazi-Yurt, en la república de Ingushetia, con heridas de bala en la cabeza y en el pecho. Antes de que sus raptores se la llevaran en un coche, Estemírova consiguió gritar pidiendo auxilio. La víspera de su muerte, Natalia acompañó a Gánnushkina, cuando ésta intentaba en vano visitar en Grozni a Masjud Abduláev, uno de los seis estudiantes chechenos recientemente deportados a Rusia desde Egipto. Masjud es hijo del comandante guerrillero Supián Abduláev y los defensores de derechos humanos creen que Kadírov lo utiliza para presionar a su padre.

Natalia Estemírova, una maestra rusa de 50 años, era una inestimable fuente de información de las violaciones de derechos humanos en Chechenia, tanto durante la guerra como después. Fue la primera galardonada con el premio Anna Politkovskaia en 2007 y se había enfrentado reiteradamente a Kadírov, que la expulsó de un consejo asesor por negarse a cubrirse la cabeza, una norma anticonstitucional que el líder checheno ha convertido en obligatoria.

En diciembre pasado, Estemírova contaba a esta corresponsal cómo Kadírov había intentado amedrentarla en una cita privada en abril de 2008. “Fue un encuentro alucinante y Kadírov me pareció un verdadero idiota, pero no consiguió asustarme”, dijo la activista. Estemírova había denunciado los asesinatos de mujeres y estaba especialmente preocupada por la indefensión de las jóvenes ante Kadírov y sus hombres semianalfabetos curtidos en la lucha contra todos los que se oponen a sus caprichos. “Aquí hay horribles burdeles donde tienen a chicas para los soldados y eso sucede porque las mujeres están en una situación muy dependiente en este régimen que aplasta la dignidad humana”, decía. “Nadie puede expresar aquí una opinión diferente a la de Kadírov. Han conseguido establecer la dictadura. La justicia y los órganos de orden público están impregnados de arbitrariedad. Cualquier funcionario se siente como un dragón que puede hacer lo que quiera con la gente. Y tenemos un gran dragón y muchos pequeños dragones”, afirmaba. Estemírova deja una hija de 15 años, que en 2008 por razones de seguridad envió a estudiar fuera de la república caucásica.

Estemírova afirmaba que en Chechenia la situación ha empeorado y hay más desapariciones desde que fue abolido el régimen contraterrorista. La agencia informativa Kavkaz Uzel calcula en 35 el número de secuestrados durante el primer semestre de 2009. En 2008 los secuestros fueron 42.

Vídeo sobre o traballo de Natalia Estemirova elaborado por Human Rights Watch no 2007:

Vídeo con extractos dunha entrevista que Amnistía Internacional lle fixo a Natalia Estemirova no 2008:

Natalia Estemirova


16 Xullo 2009 - Posted by | Amnesty International, Human Rights, Human Rights Watch, Politics, Russia

1 comentario »

  1. Nataliya murder ia an state organised crime .
    Its shame on humanity.
    I dont have any words to express my sorrow & grief.

    Comentario por Sunil Ghosh | 9 Agosto 2009

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