AI report on the repression of ethnic minority activists in Burma
Amnistía Internacional (AI) publicou hoxe un informe dunhas 60 páxinas sobre Birmania (Myanmar), centrado na represión que exerce a xunta militar gobernante sobre as minorías étnicas. O informe leva por título “The repression of ethnic minority activists in Myanmar”. Copio un extracto da súa introducción (a negrita é miña):
[…] Amnesty International’s research demonstrates, with greater detail than previously available, that Myanmar’s ethnic minorities have played an integral role in much of the political opposition against the government’s repressive conduct. Myanmar’s government has exacted a heavy price from peaceful critics from ethnic minorities: among other violations, arbitrary arrests, imprisonment, torture, and extrajudicial executions of activists are documented. With the 2010 elections looming, and the government’s intolerance of any group challenging its legitimacy, policies, and practices increasing, Amnesty International is concerned that the country’s ethnic minorities will suffer even worse violations.
The last time the country’s military government held general elections, in May 1990, it was defeated by the National League for Democracy (NLD) and a coalition of smaller opposition parties seeking to represent the country’s sizeable population of different ethnic minorities. The authorities responded by ignoring the election results and arresting scores of opposition leaders and parliamentarians. The most prominent detainee was the NLD’s leader, Daw Aung San Suu Kyi, who has remained in some form of detention for over 15 of the past 21 years. More than 2 100 political prisoners languish behind bars in Myanmar. For Daw Aung San Suu Kyi, the NLD, and much of the country’s ethnic minority opposition, their thwarted victory in the elections of 1990 forms the basis of their claim that the current government is not legitimate. The current government, by extension, views this year’s elections as a means to toward strengthening its claim to legitimacy and blunting internal and external criticism. It is highly unlikely that the government will repeat the conditions of 1990, when relatively open campaigning and voting led to a government defeat.
To a large extent, the military government has already cemented its position ahead of the elections, as the country’s 2008 constitution ensures that the military will continue to dominate the government. It contains strict requirements on the eligibility of presidential candidates (ruling out Daw Aung San Suu Kyi, for instance, due to the fact that her children hold British citizenship); reserves legislative seats for the military, effectively giving it veto power over constitutional amendments; leaves the military in control of key security ministries; and affords the military the authority to administer its own affairs. […]
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