HRW: Egypt guards kill migrants on border with Israel
As autoridades de Exipto continúan a ignorar direitos fundamentais dos migrantes, disparándolles (a matar) na fronteira con Israel, deténdoos (incluso en réxime de incomunicación), e deportándoos (aínda que teñan recoñecida a súa condición de refuxiados ou peticionarios de asilo) a países como Eritrea ou Sudán, onde poden ser perseguidos e torturados.
Copio un extracto da nota de prensa publicada (31 – III – 2010) por Human Rights Watch (HRW), “Egypt: Guards Kill 3 Migrants on Border with Israel”:
Egyptian border guards have shot dead three migrants attempting to cross from Egypt to Israel over the past four days, bringing the total number of migrants shot dead at the border so far this year to 12, HRW said today. The Egyptian authorities have arrested a number of refugees over the past month, one of whom remains missing, and the authorities also appear to be preparing to deport two refugees from Darfur back to Sudan, where they face detention and torture […]
Egyptian officials have stressed, and some witness accounts confirm, that Egyptian border police follow a common warning procedure before directly targeting people who are trying to cross the border. However, such a warning procedure is irrelevant to requirements for the lawful use of lethal force by police in instances other than self defense. The UN Basic Principles on the Use of Force and Firearms provide that law enforcement officials “shall, as far as possible, apply non-violent means before resorting to the use of force” and may use force “only if other means remain ineffective.” When the use of force is unavoidable, law enforcement officials must “exercise restraint in such use and act in proportion to the seriousness of the offence.”
Egypt is violating international requirements for the treatment of refugees in other ways, HRW said. Those granted official recognition as refugees by the UN refugee agency (UNHCR) should be protected from deportation to countries where they are at risk of persecution. But refugees in Egypt remain vulnerable to deportation despite the fact that they hold documentation from the UNHCR. […]
Related HRW report (12 – XI – 2008), available in English, Arabic and Hebrew: “Sinai Perils: Risks to Migrants, Refugees, and Asylum Seekers in Egypt and Israel”.
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