Libia: violacións impunes dos Direitos Humanos (informe de AI)
Amnistía Internacional (AI) publicou hoxe un informe dunhas cento trinta páxinas sobre as violacións dos Direitos Humanos en Libia, destacando, entre outras:
- as “execucións extraxudiciais”
- a impunidade
- a pena de morte, incluso por delictos non violentos
- os xuízos inxustos
- as detencións prolongadas en réxime de incomunicación, que chegan a constituír “desaparicións forzadas”
- os maltratos e as torturas aos detidos
- os castigos corporais como as amputacións e as flaxelacións
- o trato discriminatorio que sofren as mulleres acusadas de “adulterio”
- a case total ausencia de liberdade de expresión e asociación
O informe leva por título “Libya of tomorrow”: What hope for human rights. Copio un extracto da súa introducción (a negrita e os enlaces púxenos eu):
[…] Human rights violations in Libya are facilitated by the absence of adequate legal safeguards, particularly in cases that are deemed to be political in nature. Even those limited safeguards that exist in Libyan legislation tend to be routinely flouted in such cases, particularly by members of the security forces such as the Internal Security Agency (ISA), an intelligence body. The ISA, which seems to operate beyond any judicial oversight and whose remit, mandate and structure remain opaque and unclear, has been implicated in gross human rights violations in the past and continues to be responsible for violations. No members of the ISA are known to have been held accountable for committing gross human rights violations including torture and extrajudicial executions.
The ISA controls two major prisons, Abu Salim and Ain Zara, in addition to a number of unrecognized places of detention which are out of reach of any judicial authority. Members of the ISA arrest and detain individuals suspected of dissent or deemed to present a security threat. These detainees are held incommunicado for prolonged periods in conditions amounting to enforced disappearance in certain cases, exposing them to the risk of torture or other ill-treatment and breaching even the limited safeguards set out in Libya’s Code of Criminal Procedure. […]
Hundreds of individuals have been detained arbitrarily in Libya in recent years. They have included people imprisoned solely for the peaceful exercise of their right to freedom of expression or association as well as individuals detained without charge or trial or after grossly unfair trials. Others remained in detention despite being cleared by the courts or after serving sentences imposed by the courts.
Contrary to the worldwide trend towards the abolition of the death penalty and Colonel Mu’ammar al-Gaddafi’s public statements against capital punishment, the death penalty is prescribed for a wide range of offences, including activities that amount to the peaceful exercise of the right to freedom of expression and association.
Libyan courts continue to hand down death sentences in trials that fall short of international standards, and executions continue to be carried out by firing squad. The death penalty appears to be imposed disproportionately on foreign nationals. They are particularly vulnerable given the failure of the Libyan authorities to provide them with translation services and immediate access to their consular representatives. Foreign nationals are also at a disadvantage in entering negotiations with families of murder victims over diya (blood money), given that they often have limited financial means.
Other cruel, inhuman or degrading punishments remain in force such as flogging and amputation, which continue to be passed by courts for adultery and theft. The corporal punishment of flogging for adultery appears to be imposed disproportionately on women. The mere fact of being pregnant and unwed seems to be sufficient basis to convict women of adultery, raising additional concerns that women might be deterred from reporting rape for fear of prosecution. […]
A case in point is the Libyan authorities’ failure to adequately address the Abu Salim Prison killings of June 1996. Up to 1 200 detainees are believed to have been extrajudicially executed following a riot protesting at poor prison conditions. […]
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